When are DVIRs required?
Start of the day
At the start of a driver’s shift they must review the last DVIR completed on
the vehicle. If there are defects noted from the last post-trip inspection,
these must be reviewed and signed off. The driver must also confirm that the
other aspects of the commercial motor vehicle are in good condition with a
thorough inspection of the vehicle. This is often referred to as the pre-trip
inspection and outlined in Federal Law 49 CFR
End of the day
At the completion of the day’s work, the truck driver must complete a walkaround
inspection of the vehicle. This is specified by Federal Law 49 CFR 396.11. If
the driver operates more than one vehicle, a separate DVIR must be completed
for each vehicle. If any issues are found, the truck driver must report defects
to their fleet manager so that corrective action can be taken. Before the
no-defect rule took effect in 2014, paper forms were required to be filed even
if no defects were found in an inspection.
Federal DVIR regulations require that defect reports are kept for three months.
A standard DVIR should cover:
- Brakes and air system
- Steering mechanism
- Lights and reflectors
- Tires, wheels and rims
- Windshield wipers
- Rear view mirrors
- Coupling equipment and fifth wheels
- Safety and emergency equipment
What should be inspected can vary from vehicle to vehicle, and Electronic DVIRs
make it easy to tailor DVIR checklists for specific vehicles and equipment in a fleet
DVIRs and roadside inspections
The different types of DOT roadside inspections check for the same issues that
a DVIR will uncover, so a DVIR process that your drivers can follow every time
help identify issues before they impact on the safe operation of the vehicle
or worse, have the fleet issued with out-of-service violations or negatively
impact csa scores.
Regular pre and post trip inspections will also help highlight any smaller
vehicle maintenance issues before they become bigger and costlier maintenance
Benefits of electronic DVIRs
DVIRs can be completed electronically using a smartphone or tablet
with features that encourage drivers to physically inspect the vehicle rather
than just ‘pencil whipping’ a paper form.
Electronic DVIRs will cut down on paperwork, and when integrated into fleet
management software can streamline daily operations.
Get a demo of electronic DVIRs
This simple, no-fuss DVIR app helps drivers get vehicle inspections
done quickly and thoroughly. Automated data sync can help speed up needed repairs.
Built to make your driver’s day easy, this FMCSA-certified ELD is
connected directly to the vehicle for improved accuracy and automated
logging. Includes 24/7 phone support.